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Transformer Parts & types of the three-phase transformer
It is made up of several sheets or metal sheets (ferromagnetic material) that are stacked next to each other, without welding, similar to the sheets of a book. The function of the core is to keep the magnetic flux confined within it and prevent it from flowing through the air, favoring core losses, and reducing efficiency.
Also read: What is the definition of Transformer?
It is the copper wire wound around the legs of the core. Depending on the number of turns (turns) around a leg, it will induce a higher voltage. It is then played with the number of laps in the primary versus those of the secondary. In a three-phase transformer, the number of turns of the primary and secondary should be the same for all phases.
The magnetic core is made up of sheets of a steel alloy (around 96%) in combination with silicon (around 04%) called “Magnetic laminations”. Transformers are of two classes: core or columnar, and armored.
- IP Tipo nucleus: The nucleus tip has three columns ubicadas paralyzed, united in its inferior and superior parts utilizing horizontal metal displays.
- Armored type: In the armored core, the windings are located on the central column. It has the advantage over the so-called column type, of reducing magnetic dispersion, it is the most common in single-phase transformers.