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TYPES OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES in United kingdom – 2023
Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular in the United Kingdom (UK) as a cleaner and more sustainable mode of transportation. With the UK government pledging to phase out the sale of new petrol and diesel vehicles by 2030, there has been a surge in the production and adoption of EVs. In this article, we will discuss the different types of electric vehicles available in the UK.
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are fully electric vehicles that run solely on battery power. They do not have a petrol or diesel engine and emit zero tailpipe emissions. BEVs rely on rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, which are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric charging station. The battery capacity determines the range of the vehicle, with some models offering over 300 miles on a single charge. BEVs are ideal for short to medium-distance trips and are best suited for urban environments due to their limited range.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are a combination of both electric and traditional petrol or diesel engines. PHEVs have a smaller battery capacity than BEVs and can travel short distances on electric power alone before switching over to the internal combustion engine. Once the battery is depleted, the vehicle can be charged using an electric charging station or by driving the vehicle using the internal combustion engine. PHEVs are ideal for drivers who require a longer range than BEVs but still want the option of driving on electric power alone.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
Hybrid Electric Vehicls (HEVs) are similar to PHEVs in that they combine both electric and internal combustion engines. However, HEVs are not designed to be plugged in and charged. Instead, the electric motor is charged by regenerative braking, which captures the energy generated during braking and stores it in the battery. HEVs are most efficient in urban environments where there is a lot of stop-and-go traffic.
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicls (FCEVs) are powered by an electric motor that is powered by a fuel cell stack. The fuel cell stack generates electricity by combining hydrogen and oxygen to create water and electricity. FCEVs emit only water vapour and have a range of over 300 miles on a single tank of hydrogen. FCEVs are currently limited in availability in the UK due to the lack of hydrogen refuelling stations.
Electric motorbikes, also known as e-bikes, are becoming increasingly popular in the UK. E-bikes are similar to traditional motorbikes but are powered by an electric motor instead of a petrol or diesel engine. E-bikes can be charged using an electric charging station or a conventional power socket. E-bikes are ideal for short to medium-distance trips and are best suited for urban environments.
Electric scooters, or e-scooters, are a recent addition to the UK market. E-scooters are similar to traditional scooters but are powered by an electric motor instead of a petrol or diesel engine. E-scooters can be rented using a smartphone app and are ideal for short-distance trips in urban environments.
In conclusion, the UK market for electric vehicls is rapidly expanding, with a wide range of options available to suit different driving needs. Battery Electric Vehicls (BEVs) are fully electric and emit zero tailpipe emissions, while Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) offer a combination of electric and internal combustion engines.
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) use hydrogen to generate electricity and emit only water vapour. Finally, electric motorbikes and scooters are becoming